摘要

本研究聚焦於城市公共空間實施環境永續行動的探討,從描述現況暨行動成果,到相關影響因子的探究,皆為本研究之範疇。城市可為環境永續行動的主體,我國整體能源與環境計畫雖仍中央化,但尚須倚賴地方政府在實務上的積極行動,方有落實政策的可能性。在國外,以城市為永續環境行動主體的案例屢見不鮮,由城市為出發點進而促進大都會區域之環境永續,包括綠色產業的規模經濟效益、長程環境知能落實於居民生活、永續社區發展、環境教育的形塑等等,皆須奠基於城市行動方能成事。
研究標的設定為台北市里民活動場所,蓋台北市連年補助該場所租金已高達15億以上,公共空間近用性實為永續環境行動的關鍵,而台北市績優里民活動場所早已加入永續環境行動行列,包括全面汰換LED節能燈具、實施魚菜共生系統、主導老人活動綠屋頂、全面推動環境教育等;本研究預計第一階段採取參與觀察法,直接由研究者以志工服務的角色進入田野(19個曾獲獎的特優里),觀察並記錄行動場域之空間情況條件、運作實況及具體節能減碳行動成果,再依據觀察紀錄表歸納修正文獻探討所得之研究變項架構圖;第二階段,針對約301個台北市里民活動場所進行普查問卷,檢驗變項所造成之差異性、兩兩相關性,及結構式因果關係。希冀研究成果能呈現城市永續環境行動的脈絡及重要因素,藉此提供未來政策規劃之參考,提升整體永續行動成效。

關鍵詞:城市治理、永續發展、環境保護、行動場域、公共空間

This research project aims at the issues of environmental sustainability in urban public space. The work includes description of the action patterns and outcomes, and detection of the relevant factors that influence the action arenas. Cities could be the analytic unit of environmental sustainability policies. Although such policies are initially designed by the Taiwan central government, policy implementation should reply on the local regarding diverse preference and conditions. Starting from city actions, environmental sustainability could extend its effect to metropolitan areas and regions. The effect includes scale economics of green industries, the long-term cognition shape and environmental education in resident everyday life, sustainability in community development, etc.
The research target is village public space as action arenas of environmental sustainability of the Taipei residents. The village public space has received over 15 hundred million subsidy over years from the Taipei government. Some environmental sustainability actions emerge as the use of high luminaire efficiency equipment, the development of Auaponics (a system that combines conventional aquaculture with hydroponics in a symbiotic environment) and green roof activities, and the promotion of environmental education. The first step of this research is participation observation of the 19 selected villages which allow researchers enter into the field of village environmental actions, and gather information regarding space conditions, operation situation and action outcomes. The field notes provide empirical evidence to revise the conceptual framework of this research after theoretical literature review. The second part of this research is to conduct a general questionnaire survey of the 301 village public space in Taipei. The purpose of doing so is to examine the significant difference generated from the independent variables over the outcomes, detect the pair-correlation effect between variables, and predict the structural and causal relationships among the independent and dependent variables. The expected results of this research could systematically shows relevant factors and the patterns of urban environmental sustainability actions. Some suggestions are anticipated toward future policy designs.

Key words: Urban governance, Sustainable Development, Environmental Protection, Action Arenas, and Public Space.

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